Hi guys, let’s enjoy with Chalk Warfare 4.0, the latest instalment of popular YouTube seriesChalk Warfare, was produced using a fullBlackmagic Design workflow, from production through post. This includes using URSA Mini Pro 4.6K G2, Pocket Cinema Camera 4K shooting in Blackmagic RAW for production and DaVinci Resolve Studio for all of the film’s post-production.
Chalk Warfare 4.0
The concept of Chalk Warfare is simple: Teams draw chalk weapons inspired by popular games and media, which become real when pulled off the wall, and the war begins. The first instalment was limited to four guys in a park, but by episode 3, twelve players fight over a post-apocalyptic warehouse set, drawing items such as space portals, chalk drones, energy weapons and even an Iron Man-esque full bodysuit.
10 years after the first episode, the Chalk Warfare series has garnered more than 125 million views. Throughout the process, the team found ways to increase the quality, by embracing new technologies as they became available. “One of the things that made Chalk 3.0 look so much better is we switched from DSLRs to the Blackmagic Cinema Camera 2.5K,” said Wickert. “It gave it a much more cinematic, polished look.”
As plans began for Chalk Warfare 4.0, the team felt, as they had for each instalment, the need to advance not only the story but also the technology used to tell it. A key element was to continue to embrace Blackmagic Design. “It was always a fantastic experience working with Blackmagic products,” said Wickert. “We get so much quality and performance, and all for a competitive price. We felt we could improve the look of our films, capturing far more dynamic range and providing more options in post.”
Chalk Warfare 4.0 behind the scenes
Chalk Warfare 4.0 producer Micah Malinics was excited to work with the newest cameras as well. “Blackmagic’s technology has been something I’ve been fascinated with since discovering them in college. I wasn’t able to get hands-on experience until the original URSA Mini Pro 4.6K came out, but I was blown away with the picture quality it packed in its size and price. As a producer, I knew this was going to be a game-changer for cinematic YouTubers.”
The production incorporated both the URSA Mini Pro 4.6K G2, as well as the Pocket Cinema Camera 4K. For a small production, the flexible form factors allowed them to be more efficient. “We would utilize a two camera setup to shoot double coverage on the flagship action scenes,” said Malinics, “and at times even splitting into two units to maximize the day, since some of our locations we only had a day or two to capture everything. The URSA Mini Pro also allowed us to use some of the cinema-grade glass and peripherals that we already had access to, which continued to help us push our cinematic capacity on this project. We also used the Pocket Cinema Camera 4K for a lot of our behind the scenes footage. It’s easy and versatile, and cuts well against URSA Mini Pro footage.”
Chalk Warfare 4.0 truly took production to a new level, with shoots taking place in Los Angeles and South Carolina, and included an aerial unit for a sky diving sequence. “One of the best things about Blackmagic is their different form factors. We could shoot a standard production unit on a set with URSA Mini Pros, then strap the smaller Pocket Cinema Cameras to sky divers, without any fear of the footage mismatching. The Blackmagic quality is consistent throughout their cinema products. We couldn’t find that in any other brand.”
A powerful aspect of shooting with Blackmagic Design products was the use of Blackmagic RAW. “Using Blackmagic RAW really improved the look of the film,” said Wickert. “Especially outside, our production was largely naturally lit. Blackmagic RAW gave us the range needed to have options when it came to the environments we were shooting in. And being behind the rig on set, I enjoyed this because I am very run and gun – it allows us to record the data needed to pull detail where we need it when it comes time to colour. It was nice knowing the highlights were being captured, and I could focus on moving quickly to shoot our film.”
With visual effects a major star in the project, it was important to capture as high a quality image as possible. “Blackmagic RAW was the perfect solution to allow us to capture all of the necessary color and pixel information for the VFX work, while making it economically and logistically possible, without needing terabytes of storage on set,” said Malinics. “Being able to utilize all of the information on the 4.6K sensor and have real time playback with those files in DaVinci Resolve Studio, without the need of proxies, also helped quite a bit on the backend. As YouTubers, we tend to work pretty quick and dirty at times, so Blackmagic RAW helped us keep a small and fast workflow while having an exceptionally greater range of information to use than our previous DSLRs.”
Post-production was completed largely in DaVinci Resolve Studio, which Wickert found fast and efficient. “A big issue we’ve face with software programs and editors in the past is that the software didn’t utilize the full performance of our computers. Just because you may have great hardware, it doesn’t mean your post-production software is utilizing it. This film has a combination of extensive live-action as well as many full CG sequences with no practical footage (aside from assets) so having a quick editor that is multithreaded and efficient that could handle all this material was a must. Resolve was up to the task, and truly made our workflow more efficient.”
In true collaborative style, Chalk Warfare incorporated not only crazy sets and sequences but combined a massive amount of computer animation work from both Wickert and in house visual effects artist Brendan Forde, as well as a variety of artists from across the country. Work included extensive 3D tracking, particle FX and fluid dynamics. Forde focused primarily on the massive task of tracking weapons while Wickert handled the heavier 3D sequences and chalk integration.
All materials were composited in DaVinci Resolve Fusion. “Fusion’s node-based workflow was incredibly helpful,” said Forde. “On a project like this, with so many shots with similar compositing methods needed, we were able to utilize the node workflow to easily swap in and out assets, as well as tracking data to replace weapons and add them to new shots.”
With the combined tools inside the package, it was simple to drop in new shots, play out the sequence, and make sure they worked within the context of the full edit. “We loved that we could work on Fusion, then click over to the Edit panel and watch it with colour and even full sound if we wanted to. We were building a final edit from day one, rather than looking at low res proxies, hoping that everything integrated into the end.”
Wickert and Leigh have focused on Virtual Reality work in between Chalk Warfare instalments, so it seemed appropriate to build in some VR work inside Chalk Warfare 4.0. Using a custom-built Virtual Camera rig, including the Blackmagic Video Assist 4K, Wickert was able to use footage shot on location with the URSA Mini Pro 4.6K G2 in the VR space. “An example of this is with a robot breaking through the wall. We were able to take photo scanned assets as well as our robot animation and literally film the robot in our office, dynamically reacting to the animation that we are seeing through our Blackmagic monitor on our rig. This allowed for realistic camera moves on our CG, which can often make some questionable CG look convincing.”
With the release of Chalk Warfare 4.0, Wickert, Leigh and Malinics are eager to move on to new projects, though their work on the series continues to inspire their future goals. “We’d like to continue working on projects that excite us and can entertain our audience,” said Wickert. “All these new tools, from VR and 3D to Blackmagic cameras and DaVinci Resolve, can help us create more immersive sequences and even more captivating experiences.”